How have global refugee movements developed since the end of the Cold War? Where did refugees come from and where did they go? Refugeemovements.com provides high quality spacial and temporal interactive visualization of imputed raw data collected by the UN Refugee Agency UNHCR.
By scrolling down, you can explore the data on worldwide refugee movements and follow our story-telling on refugee movements to and from the Great Horn of Africa region. This website was created within the Capstone Course "Mapping Global Refugee Flows" at the Department of Political Science at the University of Zurich in cooperation with the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation SDC
The width of an arrow indicates how large a refugee movement is. Arrows represent a minimum net change in refugee population of 50 individuals.
The pie chart on the right shows the proportion of refugee movements taking place within a region and to other world regions.
The bar chart on the left shows the most important asylum or origin countries for the selected year and world region.
To simplify the visualization of refugee movements, we use world regions to aggregate the data on net change in refugee population.
Use the time slider to observe the change in refugee populations over the years.
Click on a region to visualize the change in net refugee population.
During the past 25 years, the population of the Great Horn of Africa region has been drastically affected by conflict and natural disasters. For these reasons, the region has repeatedly seen large-scale refugee movements both within and from the Great Horn of Africa. It has also been the focal point of international humanitarian concern and aid efforts.
Somalia, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Sudan and South Sudan have been the main origin countries of refugees from the Great Horn of Africa.
Djibouti, Kenya and Yemen are mainly host countries to refugees from the region.
Since 2010, more refugees originate in the Great Horn of Africa than in the other African countries.
Between 1989 and 2013, Somalian and Sudanese refugees made up the largest fraction of regional refugee movements. The Ethiopian refugee population has sharply declined until 1995 and then remained stable. The Eritrean refugee population remained more or less on the same level.
Sudan and Ethiopia have been origin- as well as host and transit countries. Kenya and Yemen have hosted increasing numbers of Great Horn of Africa refugees. Djibouti has mainly been a transit country.
For the visualization, we use imputed refugee stock data for the years 1989-2013 provided by the UNHCR. We focus on data stemming from the period after the Cold war, as data collection methods by UNHCR varied considerably before and after the end of the Cold war. Also, trustworthy data after 2013 is not readily available yet.
In order to fill gaps in the existing UNHCR data, we refer to a contribution by the political scientist Moritz Marbach, and use imputed data provided by him . Our dyadic data concerns the yearly refugee population stocks for a certain region or country. In order to provide maximum transparency, we make our data available here.
We use the term “refugee” according to the UNHCR definition, where a refugee is defined as an individual recognized under the respective international Convention and therefore granted any form of protection (including temporary protection), or an individual in a refugee-like situation. This means, that other categories of persons of concern, such as asylum-seekers, are not included in the data displayed on this website.
Refugee movements, as indicated in the world maps by arrows, are changes in refugee population of the respective year. Due to high discrepancies in the number of refugees, the size of the arrows is only comparable between selection (year/region). Refugee population changes below 50 individuals are not shown. In the Storytelling, each dot depicts 10’000 refugees.
This website was realized during the Capstone Course Mapping Global Refugee Movements by a group of five MA students under the supervision of Prof. Dr. Fabrizio Gilardi. Feel free to email us to provide some feedback on our project, give us suggestions for future research and data visualizations, or to just say hello!
Regula Beltran holds BA UZH in Political Science and Contemporary History. In her MA studies in Political Science, she specializes in democratization and social movements in Latin America.
Sven Cornehls holds BA UZH in Political Science, Philosophy and Linguistics. In his MA studies in Data Journalism, he specializes in interactive data visualization.
Robin Gut holds a BA UZH in Political Science and Contemporary History. In his MA studies in Data Journalism and International Relations, he focuses on ethnic conflicts and migration flows worldwide.
Pascal Scheiwiller holds a BA UZH in Political Science, Islamic Studies and Eastern European History. In his MA studies in Political Economy and Philosophy, he focuses on financial crises and fiscal policies.