Scroll down to discover how refugee movements have changed in Somalia.


Due to ongoing internal conflicts, Somalia is a major country of origin. Somalia is widely seen as a failed state. Due to their geographical proximity to Yemen, the de facto autonomous regions of Puntland and Somaliland are important transit regions for refugees from the Great Horn of Africa. It is assumed that these regions also host many undocumented migrants.

In 1989, the refugee population from Somalia was 400,000.

Until 1992, this number increased to 800,000. This was due to the beginning of the Somali Civil War.

Until 2005, the refugee population from Somalia steadily decreased to 400,000 again. Even after the fall of the Barre regime in 1991, Somali refugee numbers were the highest in the Great Horn of Africa region.

This was due to the ongoing Somali Civil War and the resulting state failure.

Between 2006 and 2013, the Somali refugee population increased from 450,000 to 1.1 million due to ongoing conflict and natural disasters.

The 1.1 million Somali refugees obtained asylum in Kenya (480,000), Ethiopia (240,000), Yemen (230,000) and other countries (150,000).

Horn of Africa

See how refugee movements have changed in other countries

Sudan & South Sudan Eritrea Ethiopia Kenya, Yemen & Djibouti